APA Format: A How-To Style Guide With Examples
APA format is regarded as three main citation styles you’re expected to encounter sooner or later during your education.
Specifically in psychology, education, and the sciences, APA format may be the citation that is preferred over other popular style guides, like MLA format, which can be commonly used within the humanities.
APA format definition
APA format is an academic style guide produced by the American Psychological Association. It really is most frequently employed for scientific papers, especially research-based content.
APA format is preferred among many disciplines due to its emphasis and clarity on highlighting newer source material (for example. date-focused citations with a preference for ‘recent’ source content). Listed here are instructions and examples for formatting general components of an APA formatted paper, including how exactly to write a cover page, running head (header), an in-text citation, and a Reference section.
Note: there are lots of the different parts of this style guide that overlap with MLA format. Thus, you could find that section of these records is restated from the MLA guide; however, there are lots of components unique to APA alone and neither guide can sufficiently substitute one other.
General guidelines that are formatting APA
- Your document must certanly be typed in double-space, 12 pt. font. The standard font is Times New Roman, however some scholars prefer Arial.
- Your document’s margins should be one inch on all sides.
- You should include a cover page (aka title page) unless otherwise specified.
- A running must be included by you head (i.e. a web page header) that sits towards the top of every page of one’s document.
- To generate the running head, utilize the “Insert Header” function on your word processor.
- Every page should always be numbered on the right hand region of the page inside the auto-created Header. Additionally, you will insert the title left that is flush all caps.
- The title must be in title case; every expressed word really should not be capitalized.
- Your first and subsequent paragraphs should be indented one half inch from the left of the document. The TAB should be used by you button function to indent in place of the area bar.
- There should only be one space in the end marks of punctuation. Because word processing software already is the reason the space after a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is antiquated and inaccurate.
Running head formatting is specific to APA and really should never be utilized for other citation types. To produce the head that is running ensure it turns up on every page of one’s essaywritersite.com sign up document, make use of the “Insert Header” function in your word processor and then type the title of one’s paper flush left using all capital letters.
The running head is a shortened type of your full paper title, which means that the running head must not exceed significantly more than 50 characters including punctuation marks and character spacing.
The aforementioned example is 49 characters long, including spaces and marks of punctuation (when it comes to title).
Your cover page ought to include the following information: title of this paper, author’s name, and institutional affiliation (i.e. the university, college, or academic/professional institution for which you are writing your paper). You have to likewise incorporate a running head flush left with all the pagination flush right towards the top of the document.
Note: On the cover page, your head that is running will unique of it will on all subsequent pages.
As you can plainly see, you must through the words “Running head” on your title page to indicate that it is the paper’s running head; on all the other pages, you’ll need not include these words as well as your title.
APA in-text citations are not dependent on container (e.g. book, article). Citations should really be in parentheses and placed at the end of a sentence ahead of the period, whether paraphrasing or citing a direct quote.
APA format follows the author-date style: (Last Name, Year) and uses a comma between your two elements. If referencing a specific spot in the written text, you may be encouraged to use exact page numbers using a lowercase p. + the page number when you look at the parentheses after the year.
All citations, irrespective of container, are formatted the exact same for in-text citations in APA. There is absolutely no variance predicated on container as it is true for MLA style.
Note: you can find different requirements that are formatting short vs. long quotations in APA.
General citation that is in-text:
- Titles of source material must be capitalized (which can be not the case regarding the References page); all words four letters or longer must also be capitalized (exceptions for pronouns, adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.)
- Hyphenated compound words in a title are both capitalized, not merely the first word
- The word that is first after a colon or dash is capitalized
- All longer container titles (e.g. books, films, TV series, music albums) must certanly be italicized
Direct quotes (non-paraphrasing) require the name that is author’s year of publication, and page number in (p. #) format. You could either use the author’s name that is last the sentence preceding the parenthetical citation or through the author’s last name in the parentheses directly.
Long, direct quotations (40 words or maybe more) must certanly be written in block format without quotation marks. The quotation must start on a line that is new another half inch inward (where a new paragraph would naturally begin. All subsequent lines should be indented as such. Long quotes should really be double-spaced such as the rest of your document, additionally the parenthetical citation begins following the final punctuation mark of this quotation.
General format for very long quotations:
King (1986) noted:
A small boy in a yellow slicker and red galoshes ran cheerfully along next to the newspaper boat. The rain had not stopped, however it was finally slackening. It tapped in the yellow hood regarding the boy’s slicker, sounding to his ears just like the rain regarding the roof that is shed. (p. 3)
Your APA-formatted Reference page is when the extended, detailed versions of all of the references used during your research or essay paper are.
For each container the following, you will find a formula that is general citing the source in your Reference page along with a good example.
General Reference page rules:
- Use hanging indentations for each line that follows the line that is firstsecond and subsequent lines in one single reference should really be indented)
- Author names should always be in Last Name First Initial format (for up to six authors of one given work)
- All reference entries ought to be in alphabetical order
- Any books or materials compiled by exactly the same author(s) should always be listen in chronological order from oldest to many recent
- Use whatever capitalization and punctuation is used by an original container, just because not ‘standard’